Valdštejn Castle Ushiye uluvo

UValdstein (Waldstein) yinkangala kwindawo yesithili saseSemily kufuphi neVerov, kwindawo yeParadesi yaseBohemi. Inqaba yaseNtshonalanga ye-Valdštejn ivela kwisiqingatha sesibini se-13. ngenkulungwane. Ngenye yeenqaba zokudala kule ndawo.

Inqaba yakha enye yamasebe e-Markvartic intsapho kwiminyaka eyi-1260 kwi-1280. Mhlawumbi ukusuka Jaroslav Hruštice okanye unyana wakhe Zdenek Wallenstein waza waba zokuhlala usapho lwabo, awathi bona kunye nenzala yabo basebenzisa iinkosi nesivisa Wallenstein. Zibhalwe ngeWallenstein.

UJaroslav zHruštice (uHruštice wayeyinqaba kufuphi noVerov) waqala wasebenzisa igama elithi Jaroslav waseLemberk kuba wayengelungu lentsapho yaseLemberk, unyana wesithathu wase Havel waseLemberk. I Havel yaseLemberk bevela kwintsapho kaMarkvartic, abafumana intsimi enkulu eMntla Bohemia ngokuncedisa i-Premyslids. Unina waseJaroslav wayenguZdislava waseLemberk, wabhiyozelwa kwi-1995.

IWallenstein yahlala i100 iminyaka. Umzekelo. Ndiyazi Zdeněk of Wallenstein, igosa kaKumkani uYohane of eLuxemburg, Hynek of Wallenstein, abathi 1336 inxaxheba kuloo matutu wamajoni Lithuania Czech King kunye noYohane von Wallenstein, ngubani nokuba yeyani ekubizwa 1500 groschens Margrave Charles, kamva uKumkani uCharles IV.

Ekupheleni kwe14. Indlu yokuhlala yangekhulu leminyaka yafunyanwa yiNtsapho yaseVartenberg, eyayihlala kwintsapho yaseMarkvartic. Ndikunye Henry of Wartenberg wagqiba ukulungisa iindleko zabo inkokheli Hussite Jan Zizka of Trocnov, ngubani 1424 spring weza ibutho Turnovo, bamoyisile, awuvisisani eMonastri yaso sayoyisa Wallenstein. Emva koko wathi kaMnu Valečov, umhlobo wakhe, abathi 1427 entolongweni ngenxa Prince eyathatha Korybutovič, umgqatswa ngokuba isihlalo sobukhosi. Ngo 1431 Omnye lweli elaba Castle harbhajan ahlukane Stakory (ngoko Hradek).

Kwiminyaka 1438-1439 enqabeni yomkhosi (nemizi ekufuphi Kavčiny) bababamba elalicheba abaphangi kwaye ngoko omabini 1440 woyisa imali kwiphondo. Abanikazi bokuhlaziya baqhubeka. Bahlala apha Šofové of Helfenburk ukususela 1514 Smiřičtí of Smiřic. Ngomnyaka we-1550 iinqaba zalala emlilweni.

Ekupheleni kwe17. Ilolo kwekhulu yahlala kumabhodlo uVáclav Holan Rovenský yaqala apha kwaye namava abahambi ezahlukeneyo. Abanikazi ilifa lendawo Wallenstein (abanini minyaka 1620-1821) yaye emva kwabo Aehrenthalové (1821-1945) wakha kumabhodlo i uhambo yothando. Kwi-1713 kwakukho izitebhisi zamatye, i-1722 yakhiwe kwintendelezo yokuqala yeChapel yaseSt. UYohane igama elisisiboniso 'kungekudala emva eziliqela kwimifanekiso eqingqiweyo 1817 ngoko St. Chapel. UYohane uMbhaptizi. Kwi-1836, isango lokungena lalwakhiwo emva kwebhuloji yamatye, elineziqulatho ezininzi.

Intsapho ye-Čihulkov inevenkile yokudlela e-1923 eya kwi-1949. Emva koko kwafakwa kwiqela leSokol. Kususela kwiMfazwe Yehlabathi II, isikhungo sezintaba.

Ingonakaliso ifikeleleka ngeenyawo kunye nophawu olubomvu nolubomvu olusibhakabhakeni, epaki yokupaka imfutshane malunga ne-1 km. Ukusuka kwi-Turnov, kwindawo ye-cadastral yaseMašov kufuphi neVovv, i-castle ihlala kwi-3 km jjv. lathiso. Ukutyelela kunokwenzeka kwiinyanga zonyaka, kunye nemali yokungena. Ingonakalo ngokwayo ngamamitha ayi-389, ukuphakama ngamamitha ayi-90. Indawo yokugcina indawo yaseHruboskalsko itholakala kwicala lempuma-ntshona.

Inomdla

  • Hrad se německy nazýval Waldenstein, v českém překladu tedy Ilitye lehlathi.
  • Obraz světce v kapličce je možná jedinou existující podobiznou uKarla Hynka Máchy. Umbhali wepeyinti ye-1836 nguFranisek Mašek (Maschek, 1790-1862).
  • Na Valdštejně složil skladatel Josef Bohuslav Foerster oratorium Sv. Václav a Fifth Symphony.
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